Can A Virus Cause Heart Failure?

What infections affect the heart?

Endocarditis is an infection of the endocardium, which is the inner lining of your heart chambers and heart valves.

Endocarditis generally occurs when bacteria, fungi or other germs from another part of your body, such as your mouth, spread through your bloodstream and attach to damaged areas in your heart..

Can viral myocarditis go away?

In many cases, myocarditis improves on its own or with treatment, leading to a complete recovery. Myocarditis treatment focuses on the cause and the symptoms, such as heart failure. In mild cases, persons should avoid competitive sports for at least three to six months.

Can flu cause cardiomyopathy?

Introduction. Cardiomyopathy refers to nonspecific myocardial dysfunction that may be due to a variety of causes. Viral illnesses have long been known to cause cardiomyopathy, and the list of viral causes is extensive. 1 Influenza infection is a rare cause of myocarditis.

Can a flu virus damage your heart?

The virus can affect the heart muscle resulting in myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle) which can result in severe heart failure where the heart muscle becomes so weak, it is unable to pump on its own without requiring medications or mechanical support, sometimes even requiring heart transplant.

How do you get viral myocarditis?

Myocarditis can affect your heart muscle and your heart’s electrical system, reducing your heart’s ability to pump and causing rapid or abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias). A viral infection usually causes myocarditis, but it can result from a reaction to a drug or be part of a more general inflammatory condition.

What kind of viral infections cause cardiomyopathy?

In North America, infection with coxsackie B virus is the most common cause of viral cardiomyopathy. HIV infection also can cause cardiomyopathy. In other parts of the world, other viral infections are more common causes. Occasionally, dilated cardiomyopathy results from a bacterial infection, such as Chagas disease.

Is viral myocarditis contagious?

The viruses are spread through contact with body fluids of an infected person and can also be transmitted from a pregnant woman to a fetus during pregnancy. This is the most common cause of myocarditis, blamed for about half of all US cases.

Can a viral infection cause an enlarged heart?

Viral infection is the most common cause of myocarditis. When you have one, your body produces cells to fight the virus. These cells release chemicals. If the disease-fighting cells enter your heart, some chemicals they release can inflame your heart muscle.

Can flu affect your heart?

Viral infections like the flu also put added stress on your body, which can affect your blood pressure, heart rate, and overall heart function. That can raise your odds of having a heart attack or stroke. But none of this has to happen. The flu is easy to prevent.

Can a cold virus attack the heart?

Common viruses affecting the heart include the adenovirus (common cold virus), the rubella virus (German measles) and coxsackievirus B (a virus that causes flu-like symptoms). Myocarditis tends to affect more men than women, and the average patient age is 42 years.

Can a viral infection cause high blood pressure?

A new study suggests for the first time that cytomegalovirus (CMV), a common viral infection affecting between 60 percent and 99 percent of adults worldwide, is a cause of high blood pressure, a leading risk factor for heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease.

Can heart infection be cured?

Most cases are mild and improve on their own, but medication or surgery might be necessary in more severe cases. Endocarditis, an infection of the heart’s valves or inner lining. This type of infection can damage your heart and should be treated right away so that it doesn’t become deadly.

What are the five signs of infection?

Know the Signs and Symptoms of InfectionFever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).Chills and sweats.Change in cough or a new cough.Sore throat or new mouth sore.Shortness of breath.Nasal congestion.Stiff neck.Burning or pain with urination.More items…

What type of virus can cause heart failure?

Although the most common result of a coxsackievirus infection is the flu, they can also cause pancreatitis leading to diabetes, arthritis, meningitis and myocarditis (an infection of the heart muscle) leading to heart failure.

Can viruses cause heart problems?

Viral infections can cause cardiomyopathy, a heart muscle disorder that affects the heart’s ability to pump blood effectively. When attacked by a virus, the body undergoes stress and releases a surge of chemicals called catecholamines that can stun the heart.

How long do viral infections last?

A viral infection usually lasts only a week or two. But when you’re feeling rotten, this can seem like a long time! Here are some tips to help ease symptoms and get better faster: Rest.

How long does viral myocarditis last?

Long-term prognosis was usually good with a 3–5-year survival ranging from 56 to 83%, respectively. Patients with acute fulminant myocarditis, once they survive the acute illness, had an excellent long-term prognosis of 93% at 11 years, compared with 45% of the patients presenting with acute non-fulminant myocarditis.

Does infection make your heart beat faster?

The heart rate may be fast simply as a reaction to other processes going on in the body. For example, if the body is under stress from pain, infection, blood loss or general illness then the heart rate may increase significantly, often to provide blood to vital organs.