How Does Soil Contamination Affect Humans?

How does soil contamination affect human health?

Pollutants in soil, groundwater and in the food chain can cause a variety of diseases and excess mortality in humans, from short-term acute effects, such as intoxications or diarrhea to long-term chronic effects, like cancer..

What are the long term effects of soil pollution?

Some soil contaminants increase the risk of leukemia, while others can lead to kidney damage, liver problems and changes in the central nervous system. Those are just the long term effects of soil pollution.

How can we prevent soil contamination?

SOLUTIONS TO REDUCE SOIL POLLUTIONEat sustainable foodstuffs, properly recycle batteries, produce homemade compost and dispose of drugs in the places authorised for this purpose.Encourage a more eco-friendly model for industry, farming and stock breeding, among other economic activities.More items…

What are the major sources of soil pollution?

Soil pollution is often caused by the uncontrolled disposal of sewage and other liquid wastes resulting from domestic uses of water, industrial wastes containing a variety of pollutants, agricultural effluents from animal husbandry and drainage of irrigation water and urban runoff [9-10].

How do you know if soil is contaminated?

The only sure way to tell if soil is contaminated is to sample the soil and have a certified laboratory test it….Soil Contamination InspectionThe primary source of lead contamination in soil is from paint that contains lead. … Arsenic is another contaminant that is commonly found in residential soil.More items…

How do you test for soil contamination?

Soil tests usually are used to optimize fertilizer use but can also be done to test for contaminants. Contact a university or private soil testing laboratory, and then expect to wait from a few days to a few weeks to receive the results.

How does soil degradation affect humans?

Its impacts can be far-reaching, including loss of soil fertility, destruction of species habitat and biodiversity, soil erosion, and excessive nutrient runoff into lakes. Land degradation also has serious knock-on effects for humans, such as malnutrition, disease, forced migration, cultural damage, and even war.

What are the causes and effects of soil pollution?

Illegal dumping of the solid wastes, polluted water absorbed by the soil, use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, dumping of minerals, oils, and radioactive wastes are the major causes of soil pollution (Cachada et al. 2018). Soil fertility is severely affected due to the above-mentioned factors.

What are the human causes and effects of landscape degradation?

Human interventions which are causing land degradation are (1) deforestation, (2) overgrazing by livestock, (3) mismanagement of agricultural land, (4) overexploitation of the vegetative cover for domestic use, and (5) (bio)industrial activities.

What disease can you get from soil?

In addition to tetanus, anthrax, and botulism, soil bacteria may cause gastrointestinal, wound, skin, and respiratory tract diseases. The systemic fungi are largely acquired via inhalation from contaminated soil and near-soil environments.

What are the causes of soil contamination?

Soil contamination or soil pollution as part of land degradation is caused by the presence of xenobiotics (human-made) chemicals or other alteration in the natural soil environment. It is typically caused by industrial activity, agricultural chemicals or improper disposal of waste.

What are the impacts of soil pollution?

Some of the direct impacts of soil pollution can be seen in agricultural production system like loss/decline in soil productivity and loss in crop diversity. Pollution of soil and water drastically has estimated to reduce the crop yields by about 15–25% over the years and total cropped area has decreased significantly.

What are the 10 causes of soil pollution?

Soil pollution is mostly caused by mindless human activities such as:Industrial waste. … Deforestation. … Excessive use of fertilisers and pesticides. … Garbage pollution. … Climate change. … Loss of soil fertility. … Impact on human health. … Reforestation.More items…•

How is contaminated soil treated?

Adjusting the soil pH to as close to neutral as possible will help reduce the negative impact of contaminants. Contaminated soil treatment also includes adding plenty of rich organic matter to the soil and a healthy top-dress of peat moss, compost or aged manure. This practice will help protect plants from damage.

What are the causes and effects of land degradation?

The major causes of land degradation include, land clearance poor farming practices, overgrazing, inappropriate irrigation, urban sprawl, and commercial development, land pollution including industrial waste and quarrying of stone, sand and minerals.

Is soil contamination a problem?

Soil pollution may cause a variety of health problems, starting with headaches, nausea, fatigue, skin rash, eye irritation and potentially resulting in more serious conditions like neuromuscular blockage, kidney and liver damage and various forms of cancer.

What are the negative effects of soil pollution?

Soil pollution can also cause neuromuscular blockage as well as depression of the central nervous system, headaches, nausea, fatigue, eye irritation and skin rash. Soil does not need to be highly contaminated to be harmful to humans.