What are the side effects of BCG treatment for bladder cancer?
What side effects can occur?fever.chills.fatigue.a burning sensation in the bladder.urinary urgency or frequent urination.blood in the urine..
Does bladder cancer spread fast?
High grade bladder cancer is likely to grow and spread quickly and become life threatening. High-grade cancers often need to be treated with chemotherapy, radiation or surgery. Low-grade cancers appear non-aggressive and have a low chance of becoming high grade. They are rarely life threatening.
What happens if BCG treatment fails?
BCG failure is also associated with an approximately 50 percent chance of disease progression and poor prognosis. Radical cystectomy is the standard treatment when intravesical BCG therapy fails.
What is the success rate of BCG treatment for bladder cancer?
A recent study was published evaluating maintenance BCG therapy . The authors observed a three-year recurrence free survival of 75.3% and disease-free survival of 96.1%.
Can BCG cure bladder cancer?
Bacillus Calmette-Guerin or BCG is the most common intravesical immunotherapy for treating early-stage bladder cancer. It’s used to help keep the cancer from growing and to help keep it from coming back. BCG is a germ that’s related to the one that causes tuberculosis (TB), but it doesn’t usually cause serious disease.
How many times can you have BCG treatments?
BCG maintenance therapy The schedule for instillations of BCG has varied from monthly to every 3 months to every 6 months. The only maintenance regimen proven to prevent recurrence and progression is the SWOG protocol, which consists of 3 weekly treatments at months 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36.