Question: What Are The Top 10 Rarest Diseases?

What disease has no cure?

HIV/AIDS – No cure exists for HIV/AIDS, but medication exists that can help control the symptoms of it.

Huntington’s disease – Inherited disease that causes the progressive breakdown (degeneration) of nerve cells in the brain.

Hydrocephalus – No cure exists for this (physical)neurological disorder..

What is Gard disease?

Definition. A rare, syndromic, hyperpigmentation of the skin characterized by multiple lentigines and café-au-lait spots associated with hiatal hernia and peptic ulcer, hypertelorism and myopia.

What are the 7000 rare diseases?

You can find a list of all the 7,000+ rare diseases on the Orphanet website.Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. Prevalence: roughly 1 in 2,000,000. … Ehlers Danlos syndrome. Prevalence: Unknown. … Tyrosinemia type 1. Prevalence: Unknown. … Duchenne muscular dystrophy. … Cystic fibrosis. … NGLY-1 deficiency.

What is the most difficult disease to diagnose?

Conditions That Are Hard to Diagnose7 / 14. Lyme Disease. … 8 / 14. Fibromyalgia. … 9 / 14. Lupus. … 10 / 14. Parkinson’s Disease. … 11 / 14. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) … 12 / 14. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. … 13 / 14. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) … 14 / 14. Endometriosis. This happens when the tissue that lines a woman’s uterus grows outside of it.More items…

What is the strangest disease?

Water allergy.Foreign accent syndrome.Laughing Death.Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP)Alice in Wonderland syndrome.Porphyria.Pica.Moebius syndrome.More items…•

What is the rarest mental disorder?

Apotemnophilia. Also known as body integrity identity disorder, apotemnophilia is characterized by the “overwhelming desire to amputate healthy parts of [the] body,” according to Medscape. Though not much is known about it, this disorder is believed to be neurological.

What are examples of rare diseases?

Examples of rare diseases caused by mutations in single genes include cystic fibrosis, which affects the respiratory and digestive systems (See: Learning About Cystic Fibrosis); Huntington’s disease, which affects the brain and nervous system (See: Learning About Huntington’s Disease); and muscular dystrophies, which …

What are the six killer diseases of a child?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

What is the most rarest disease in the world?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

What are the most common rare diseases?

What Are Rare Diseases?Multiple sclerosis emerges above all others, at 90 patients per 100,000 people.Narcolepsy—intermittent, uncontrollable episodes of sleepiness—affects 50 patients per 100,000.Primary biliary cholangitis, the damage of bile ducts in the liver, affects 40 people in 100,000.More items…•

What is the most common syndrome?

What You Need to Know About 5 Most Common Genetic DisordersDown Syndrome. Typically, the nucleus of an individual cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, but Down syndrome occurs when the 21st chromosome is copied an extra time in all or some cells. … Thalassemia. … Cystic Fibrosis. … Tay-Sachs disease. … Sickle Cell Anemia. … Learn More. … Recommended. … Sources.

How many diseases are there in human body?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases.