Quick Answer: How Do I Find IM Injection Sites?

What is the correct needle size for IM injection?

22-25 gaugeIntramuscular injections are administered at a 90-degree angle to the skin, preferably into the anterolateral aspect of the thigh or the deltoid muscle of the upper arm, depending on the age of the patient (Table 6-2).

The needle gauge for intramuscular injection is 22-25 gauge..

What happens if you give an IM injection wrong?

Similarly, incorrect injection techniques or erroneous injection locations, can cause blood vessel breakage, muscle or nerve damage and paralysis. Harmful effects may be life-threatening at worst.

What happens if you accidentally inject air into muscle?

Injecting a small air bubble into the skin or a muscle is usually harmless. But it might mean you aren’t getting the full dose of medicine, because the air takes up space in the syringe.

Do you massage intramuscular injections?

Generally, rubbing or massaging the injection site area should be avoided through the time the drug is expected to reach peak levels to avoid intended absorption patterns.

What are the four IM injection sites?

Where should an intramuscular (IM) injection be given? Nurses learn there are four possible sites: the arm (deltoid); thigh (vastus lateralis); upper outer posterior buttock (gluteus maximus), also referred to as the dorsogluteal site; and the lateral hip (gluteus medius), also called the ventrogluteal site.

What is the Z track method?

The Z-track method is a type of IM injection technique used to prevent tracking (leakage) of the medication into the subcutaneous tissue (underneath the skin). During the procedure, skin and tissue are pulled and held firmly while a long needle is inserted into the muscle.

How can I make IM injection less painful?

Minimizing the PainIf you can, make sure your medicine is at room temperature.Wait until the alcohol you used to clean where you’re going to inject is dry.Always use a new needle.Get the air bubbles out of the syringe.Make sure the needle is lined up right going in and coming out.Stick the needle in quickly.

How do you measure im injection sites?

To locate this area, lay three fingers across the deltoid muscle and below the acromion process. The injection site is generally three finger widths below, in the middle of the muscle. Select needle length based on age, weight, and body mass.

How do you give an intramuscular injection?

Giving an IM injection into the deltoid siteFind the knobbly top of the arm (acromion process)The top border of an inverted triangle is two finger widths down from the acromion process.Stretch the skin and then bunch up the muscle.Insert the needle at a right angle to the skin in the centre of the inverted triangle.

What is the most common site for an IM injection on an infant?

The anterolateral thigh is the preferred site for IM injection in infants under 12 months of age. Medications are injected into the bulkiest part of the vastus lateralis thigh muscle, which is the junction of the upper and middle thirds of this muscle.

Do you pinch skin for IM injection?

Insert needle at an 45o angle to the skin. Pinch up on SQ tissue to prevent injecting into muscle. … Multiple injections given in the same extremity should be separated as far as possible (preferably at least 1” apart).

Which site is best for IM injection?

Intramuscular injection sitesDeltoid muscle of the arm. The deltoid muscle is the site most typically used for vaccines. … Vastus lateralis muscle of the thigh. … Ventrogluteal muscle of the hip. … Dorsogluteal muscles of the buttocks.