Quick Answer: How Does The Drug Zidovudine Work?

What is Lamivudine Nevirapine Zidovudine tablet used for?

The combination of lamivudine and zidovudine is used along with other medications to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

Lamivudine and zidovudine are in a class of medications called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs).

They work by decreasing the amount of HIV in the blood..

When should I take zidovudine?

Zidovudine should be given twice each day. If you remember up to 6 hours after you should have given a dose, give your child the missed dose. For example, if you usually give a dose at about 7 am, you can give the missed dose at any time up to 1 pm.

Who should not take zidovudine?

increased blood acidity due to high levels of lactic acid. anemia. low levels of a type of white blood cell called neutrophils. a disease with shrinking and weaker muscles called myopathy.

Is AZT still used?

AZT is the only antiretroviral drug that has received FDA approval for treatment of AIDS since the epidemic began ten years ago, and the decision to approve it was based on a single study that has long been declared invalid.

Did AZT save lives?

Mortality rates for people taking AZT were staggeringly lower than those taking the placebo; there had been 19 deaths in the placebo group of 137 people, but only one in the AZT group of 145. Those on AZT also had a decreased number of opportunistic infections and showed improvement in weight gain and T4 cell counts.

What type of anemia does zidovudine cause?

AZT can be toxic to the bone marrow—the soft tissue inside bones where blood cells are made. As a result, AZT can cause anemia (lowered red blood cell levels) and neutropenia (lowered neutrophil or white blood cell counts).

What is the work of zidovudine?

Zidovudine is used along with other medications to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Zidovudine is given to HIV-positive pregnant women to reduce the chance of passing the infection to the baby. Zidovudine is in a class of medications called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs).

What are the side effects of zidovudine?

Zidovudine affects your immune system, which may cause certain side effects (even weeks or months after you’ve taken this medicine)….Common side effects may include:headache;fever, general ill feeling;cough;nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite; or.loss of body fat (especially in your arms, legs, face, and buttocks).

Is zidovudine an antiviral medication?

Retrovir (zidovudine) is an antiviral medication used to treat HIV, which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Retrovir is also given during pregnancy to prevent an HIV-infected woman from passing the virus to her baby. Retrovir is not a cure for HIV or AIDS.

What is an often used target for antiviral drugs?

Antiviral drugs are a class of medication used for treating viral infections. Most antivirals target specific viruses, while a broad-spectrum antiviral is effective against a wide range of viruses. Unlike most antibiotics, antiviral drugs do not destroy their target pathogen; instead they inhibit its development.

How the nevirapine syrup help the child?

In many developing countries, a two-dose regimen of nevirapine (NVP) around the time of birth is advocated as the most cost-effective way to prevent mother to child HIV transmission. One dose is taken by the mother at the onset of labour and one dose is given to her baby, between 48 and 72 hours after birth.