What Are The Contraindications For Cryotherapy?

What are the indications for cryotherapy?

Indications for cryotherapy include acute injury or inflammation, acute or chronic pain due to muscle spasm, edema/swelling, spasticity accompanying a central nervous system disorder, painful limitation of motion secondary to immobilization, and first-degree burns..

Why does heat relieve pain?

Heat therapy works by improving circulation and blood flow to a particular area due to increased temperature. Increasing the temperature of the afflicted area even slightly can soothe discomfort and increase muscle flexibility. Heat therapy can relax and soothe muscles and heal damaged tissue.

What is the most common form of cryotherapy?

Ice Packs : It is most common method of cryotherapy.

Who should not use cryotherapy?

You should not use whole body cryotherapy if you have any of the following conditions: You are pregnant, have a pacemaker, symptomatic cardiovascular disease, arrhythmia, acute or recent myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, severe hypertension (>180/100), peripheral arterial occlusive disease, venous …

What are the contraindications for ultrasound?

ContraindicationsESWL – Infection, stone burden greater than 2.5 cm; coagulopathies, untreated hypertension, pregnancy-ESWL.MRgUS – Cardiac pacemaker or other implantable devices.Ultrasound diathermy – Bone fracture, malignancy, arteriosclerosis, application to eye, spine, active infection or ischemic tissues.

What are the effects of thermotherapy?

Physiological Effects Deep heating is thought to lessen nerve sensitivity, increase blood flow, increase tissue metabolism, decrease muscle spindle sensitivity to stretch, cause muscle relaxation, and increase flexibility.

Does heat make inflammation worse?

Heat can make inflammation significantly worse. Ice can aggravate symptoms of tightness and stiffness; it can also just make any pain worse when it’s unwanted. Both ice and heat are pointless or worse when unwanted: icing when you’re already shivering, or heating when you’re already sweating.

Who can perform therapeutic ultrasound?

Ultrasound therapy ( US ) is the use of sound waves above the range of human hearing12 to treat injuries like muscle strains or runner’s knee. It is mostly used by physical therapists, and has been one of the Greatest Hits of musculoskeletal medicine since the 1950s.

What is the goal of cryotherapy?

Cryotherapy is used in an effort to relieve muscle pain, sprains and swelling after soft tissue damage or surgery. It can be a range of treatments from the application of ice packs or immersion in ice baths (generally known as cold therapy), to the use of cold chambers.

What are the contraindications of thermotherapy?

Contraindications:Dermatitis.Deep vein thrombosis.Peripheral vascular disease.Open wound.Skin sensation impairment (e.g. some diabetic patients)Severe cognitive impairment (e.g. dementia patients)

When should thermotherapy be used?

Thermotherapy involves the use of heat to relieve muscular pain or stiffness. Heat therapy not only reduces mild pain but is also very relaxing. Because heat can penetrate several centimeters beneath the skin, this form of therapy can speed up biochemical healing processes.

How does ultrasound reduce inflammation?

As well as heating and relaxing the muscles, ultrasound therapy breaks down scar tissue and increases local blood flow. All of this combines to increase healing rates in the area, making it a suitable way to speed up slow-healing or chronic issues.

What are the three physiological effects of cryotherapy?

Here an attempt is made to present an unbiased presentation of the re- search that has been done on cryotherapy in this order: gross effects on swelling, blood flow, pain, spasm, motor performance, connective tissue, the heart, tissue temperature, visceral function, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and spasticity; and …

What are the precautions for the use of cryotherapy?

Do not use cold gel packs longer than 15-20 minutes directly on skin, and do not apply any cryotherapy directly to skin for > 1 hour continuously. ii. Extended treatment may lead to neurapraxia or axonotmesis of superficial peripheral nerves.

How often should you use ultrasound therapy?

Commonly the treatment lasts 5 to 10 minutes, and it’s typically not performed more than once per day.