Which Organ Is Affected By Diabetes?

What causes organ damage in diabetes?

Over time, the surge and crash of dissolved glucose and insulin that occurs in diabetes can end up causing irreparable damage to many body organs and systems.

Doctors refer to this as “end-organ damage” because it can effect nearly every organ system in the body: Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) and Heart Disease..

What are the final stages of diabetes?

What are the signs of end-of-life due to diabetes?using the bathroom frequently.increased drowsiness.infections.increased thirst.increased hunger.itching.weight loss.fatigue.More items…

What does uncontrolled diabetes feel like?

The condition most commonly occurs in people with type 2 diabetes and can take days or weeks to develop. The signs of HHNS include excessive thirst, frequent urination, fever, drowsiness, hallucinations, skin that is warm and dry, coma, vision loss, convulsions, fever and a blood sugar level that is over 600 mg/dL.

What cells are affected by diabetes?

Diabetes develops when the body’s immune system sees its own cells as foreign and attacks and destroys them. As a result, the islet cells of the pancreas, which normally produce insulin, are destroyed. In the absence of insulin, glucose cannot enter the cell and glucose accumulates in the blood.

Who is mainly affected by diabetes?

Diabetes affects 1 in 4 people over the age of 65. About 90-95 percent of cases in adults are type 2 diabetes.

Is type 2 diabetes curable?

There’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, but losing weight, eating well and exercising can help manage the disease. If diet and exercise aren’t enough to manage your blood sugar well, you may also need diabetes medications or insulin therapy.

How do you feel when your blood sugar is too high?

If your blood sugar level is too high, you may experience:Increased thirst.Frequent urination.Fatigue.Nausea and vomiting.Shortness of breath.Stomach pain.Fruity breath odor.A very dry mouth.More items…•

What organ is not functioning properly in a diabetic?

Types of diabetes. Each type of diabetes involves the pancreas not functioning properly. The way in which the pancreas doesn’t function properly differs depending on the type. No matter what type of diabetes you have, it requires ongoing monitoring of blood glucose levels so you can take the appropriate action.

What happens to your body when you have diabetes?

If you have diabetes, your pancreas either produces too little insulin or none at all. The insulin can’t be used effectively. This allows blood glucose levels to rise while the rest of your cells are deprived of much-needed energy. This can lead to a wide variety of problems affecting nearly every major body system.

Do diabetics have weak immune system?

People with diabetes are more susceptible to developing infections, as high blood sugar levels can weaken the patient’s immune system defenses. 1 In addition, some diabetes-related health issues, such as nerve damage and reduced blood flow to the extremities, increase the body’s vulnerability to infection.

Can diabetes go away?

Although there’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, studies show it’s possible for some people to reverse it. Through diet changes and weight loss, you may be able to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication. This doesn’t mean you’re completely cured. Type 2 diabetes is an ongoing disease.

At what a1c level does damage start?

A normal A1C level is below 5.7%, a level of 5.7% to 6.4% indicates prediabetes, and a level of 6.5% or more indicates diabetes. Within the 5.7% to 6.4% prediabetes range, the higher your A1C, the greater your risk is for developing type 2 diabetes….Your A1C Result.A1C %eAG mg/dL102403 more rows•Aug 21, 2018

How does diabetes make you feel?

Takeaway. Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes high blood sugar levels. Early signs and symptoms can include frequent urination, increased thirst, feeling tired and hungry, vision problems, slow wound healing, and yeast infections.

How long does diabetes take to damage kidneys?

How long does it take for kidneys to become affected? Almost all patients with Type I diabetes develop some evidence of functional change in the kidneys within two to five years of the diagnosis. About 30 to 40 percent progress to more serious kidney disease, usually within about 10 to 30 years.

How long can you live with uncontrolled diabetes?

However, there is good news – people with type 1 diabetes have been known to live for as long as over 85 years with the condition. As noted above, recent studies into life expectancy are showing significant improvement in life expectancy rates for people with type 1 diabetes born later in the 20th century.